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Get to know PIPS for beginners

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Pip stands for Price Interest Point, which is a unit unit to measure changes in exchange rates between two currencies. In plural English terms, "Pip" becomes "Pips".

For a currency whose value is displayed in four decimal places, one pip = 0.0001. For example, EUR / USD from the price of 1.1330 rises to 1.1335, meaning that there is an increase of 5 pips. As for the currency whose value is displayed with two decimal digits, one pip = 0.01. For example, USD / JPY from the price of 100.05 drops to 100.01, which means there is a decrease of 4 pips. When studying forex, you will find that price quotations are usually written in four decimals, except for pairs related to Japanese Yen (JPY).

However, now many brokers also offer forex pairs in the form of five decimal places (three decimal places for JPY), for example EUR / USD 1.13354 or USD / JPY 100,015. Well, in a quote like that, the last digit is not a Pips, but a Fractional Pips or Pipettes. To measure price movements, Fractional Pips cannot be counted as one complete Pip, but only one tenth of a Pip (1 Fractional Pip = 1/10 Pip). So for example if USD / JPY 100,058 goes down to 100,014, then it means a decrease of 4.4 pips, not down 44 pips.

Traders often use the term pips to show how much profit is gained or loss experienced. For example, "Just got a profit of 100 pips" or "Already 20 pips loss" and so forth.

What needs to be considered here, the actual value of how many dollars or how many rupiahs per pip can vary, depending on what currency pair, trading size (lot), and the prevailing exchange rate. Based on these three things, just fluctuating one pip can affect the amount of profit / loss in forex. Here's an example:

When trading buy USD / CAD as much as $ 200,000 (2 standard lots), then the trading position closes at 20 pips profit at the price of 1.0568. To calculate how many dollars the profit value, can be calculated by steps:
* Find the CAD value per pip by multiplying lots with the pip value: 200,000 x 0,0001 = 20 CAD per pip.
* Find the value of USD per pip by dividing the CAD value per pip by the prevailing exchange rate at the closing price: 20 x 1.0568 = 21.14 USD per pip
* Multiply the value of USD per pip by the amount of profit in the previous pips: 21.14 x 20 = Total profit of $ 422.8.

The example of calculating the actual pips value is a sample if the Dollar becomes a Base Currency in one currency pair (indicated by the position of USD in front of the pair). The calculation will be different if the Dollar becomes a Counter Currency and its position at the end of the pair, as in GBP / USD or AUD / USD. The pips value is also different if there is no USD in one currency pair, for example EUR / JPY.

However, you don't have to worry about counting manually like this. Knowledge about Pips is needed when learning forex because this includes an important basis, but in practice, today's forex brokers can do it automatically. In trading software that can be obtained from brokers, you will immediately be able to see when the trading position is closed, how many pips are obtained and how much your money is increasing. If you want to calculate just to make a trading plan or get an illustration of learning forex, you can use a forex calculator or a pips calculator that is widely available and easy to find in cyberspace.


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#1 - February 03, 2019, 09:49:26 PM

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yes PIPS is the value of a price in the forex PIPS market is also the largest unit to calculate prices in the forex market because the value of 1 PIPS is 10 points, and POINT is the smallest value to calculate the price of currency movements
#2 - February 05, 2019, 02:52:41 PM

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But sometimes the lot calculation at each broker varies. In one broker there is a persistent calculation as you describe, but there is a different broker in the lot lot, so this will be a difference in calculating the profit and loss. So you must first learn and try before you decide to use a broker because of the difference in the count
#3 - February 06, 2019, 01:58:07 AM

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I am not very good at this pips problem, what I know is how to trade profitable trades, because I myself am also still a beginner and trade more gold, which only increases in points is enough to generate a balance, maybe next time I will learn again
#4 - April 26, 2021, 07:28:03 PM

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the point is pip is a count that we will get the same as the point but this in other languages do not think too much about the important you trade it is enough
#5 - July 14, 2021, 03:16:46 AM

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Pips it is a unit of points commonly used in trading to find out our profits, so we have to get it hard done, so that this doesn't sound foreign to us
#6 - July 15, 2021, 02:42:26 AM

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pips that I know is like a point in the price in a pair or currency pair is useful to calculate our profit and loss, but I know it's not pips points and I think it's the same
#7 - July 15, 2021, 07:42:37 PM

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thank you for sharing the explanation about pips in full because it's a new science so I have to learn it first which is important we are equally consistent profit later
#8 - July 18, 2021, 04:29:01 AM

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pips is useful to calculate how much our profit or loss, there is also the name pipette and point, but the point is the same so that we know exactly what the function of numbers on the pair of charts that we play
#9 - July 23, 2021, 10:19:11 AM

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learning what is pips or points is very important so that we know our current floating calculations have been running how many pips or points be it floating minus or profit and it is better for beginners to learn it correctly
#10 - July 24, 2021, 07:39:27 PM

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pips is a unit of numbers that runs when we do a position that shows our position of profit or loss there are other counts in it but I do not understand about this, the point is more or less like that

#11 - July 26, 2021, 06:32:32 PM

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pips is a unit of points used to measure the movement or range of a pair, and this can be our reference for transactions

#12 - July 31, 2021, 08:29:55 AM

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it's the same as the points we will achieve as a calculation of how much profit or loss we get we must be able to read like that the story we don't miss with getting information maybe I can explain in thick because I also don't know suddenly about such a calculation but you you can find it on the web
#13 - August 24, 2021, 07:29:44 PM

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I'm a little confused by your writing, but some of me do understand what is important is the point which is actually the same as pis, only the difference may be in numbers or decimals because I don't really care about that matter so I'm just adding insight but later I will try to find out again
#14 - August 25, 2021, 10:12:30 PM

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to be clear, I don't understand the difference between pips and points, but what I understand is that it is calculations that let us know how many points we are getting but for sure I will study again but I want to thank you for providing an overview and an example of an explanation of pips
#15 - August 27, 2021, 12:07:46 PM

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